Which people are most at risk of suffering from bronchiolitis: when to go to the emergency room

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Spain is living a wave of cases of bronchiolitis out of the ordinary. As confirmed by the president of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Emergencies, Paula Vazquez Lopezin ‘More than one’ the number of cases has risen to levels much higher than above the usual before the coronavirus pandemic.

The expert has assured that emergency pediatricians are concerned about “the volume of bronchiolitis and respiratory symptoms“. As confirmed, the respiratory pictures have increased by up to 40% and, in the case of bronchiolitis, 50% compared to before the pandemic.

What is bronchiolitis?

The Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery report in your Web page that acute bronchiolitis is “It’s a respiratory tract infection (bronchi and bronchioles) produced by the respiratory viruses“.

What are the symptoms of bronchiolitis?

Besides, the Spanish Society of Pediatric Pneumology indicates what are the main symptoms of bronchiolitis:

  • Mucus.
  • Fever.
  • Cough.
  • respiratory distress (the ribs are marked, the abdomen rises and falls exaggeratedly and the nostrils flare).
  • noisy breathing with wheezing, a lower-pitched or gurgling sound.

Who is at risk of bronchiolitis?

Typically, bronchiolitis occurs in children under two years of age, although the Dr. Vazquez Lopez has confirmed that this winter it is occurring even in children older than this age.

Bronchiolitis is spread by coughing, giving kisses or playing with the dirty hands, so frequent hand washing is recommended.

When do you have to go to the emergency room?

For her part, the president of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Emergencies sends a message of calm, recalling that “Normally, bronchiolitis is mild, does not have any treatment and disappears in four days.“. And he explains that during the following weeks minors may have a persistent cough.

More society news

The Spanish Association of Pediatrics recommend going to the emergency room when the child has the following symptoms:

  • Food refusal or digestive intolerance (approximate intake
  • dehydration
  • lethargy
  • History of apnea
  • tachypnea for his age
  • Moderate or severe respiratory distress (groaning, nasal flaring, drawing, or cyanosis)
  • Oxygen saturation
  • Serious illness according to the scale used
  • Doubtful diagnosis.
  • Age 2-3 months
  • Comorbidities
  • start of the symptomatology
  • Situation socioeconomic environmentgeographical factors and difficulty of transportation
  • Ability of parents or caregivers to assess the severity of the child

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