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What is a dirty bomb and why Russia says Ukraine makes one

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Russia stated on Monday that Ukraine entered the “final phase” of making a radioactive bomb (also qualified as a “dirty bomb“), some accusations rejected by kyiv, which invited experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency, a UN agency, to visit its facilities.

The situation has reinstalled powerful energy weaponry theme in the face of a conflict that has been going on for months, even with affirmations of attacks on plants of this type of supply, among which those of nuclear origin appear, such as the one located in Zaporizhia.

In this text we reveal the fundamental aspects of the sayings of Russia, what is a “dirty bomb” and whether or not there is any difference with a nuclear weapon.

Why is Russia claiming that Ukraine is making a “dirty bomb”?

The chief of the Russian General Staff, Valeri Gerasimov, held telephone interviews on Monday with their American and British counterparts to address the alleged manufacture of a “dirty bomb” by Ukraine.

Since Sunday, Moscow has raised the threat of this radiological bomb that, it says, the Ukrainian army intends to use, an allegation that has been denied by kyiv and its Western allies.

“According to the information we have, two Ukrainian organizations have specific instructions to create a so-called ‘dirty bomb,'” Lieutenant General Igor Kirillov said in a statement.

“His work entered the final phase,” added the senior official, responsible in the Russian army for radiation, chemical and biological products.

Russia’s claim comes the day after calls between Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoiguand his counterparts from several NATO countries, in which he expressed his concerns about the possible use by Ukraine of a “dirty bomb” on its own soil.

What is a “dirty bomb”?

A “dirty bomb” is not a nuclear device but a conventional bomb wrapped in radioactive materials intended to be spread as dust during the explosion.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “a dirty bomb (also known as a radiological dispersal device) is a combination of explosives, such as dynamite, and radioactive powder or pellets”.

American experts clarify that “orA dirty bomb cannot generate an atomic explosion.“, although “cWhen the explosives are detonated, the impact releases radioactive materials into the area.”

According to Kirillov, “the purpose of this provocation is to accuse Russia of using weapons of mass destruction in Ukraine and thus launch a powerful anti-Russian campaign in the world.

What was Ukraine’s response?

Moscow’s accusations were immediately rejected by kyiv and his allies, being eUkrainian Foreign Minister Dmitro Kuleba, who insisted that the accusations were “absurd” and “dangerous.”

Ukraine’s President Volodimir Zelensky called on his Western allies to respond “as hard as possible.”

On Monday, Kuleba said he had discussed the matter with the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Rafael Grossi.

He also officially invited the IAEA “to urgently send experts to peaceful facilities in Ukraine“, where Russia “falsely claims” that Ukraine is developing a “dirty bomb”.

Grossi “accepted. Unlike Russia, Ukraine has always been and remains transparent. We have nothing to hide,” he said.

The United States, Britain and France issued a joint statement on Sunday rejecting Russia’s “clearly false” version.

Ukrainians and Westerners suspect that Russia may be preparing to detonate a “dirty bomb” herself and blaming Ukraine, then justifying a military escalation with a tactical nuclear weapon in retaliation.

“If Russia calls and says that Ukraine is supposedly preparing something, it means one thing: Russia has already prepared all thisZelensky said in a video message posted on social media.

At the beginning of the offensive, Moscow had accused Ukraine of preparing bacteriological weapons in secret laboratories financed by the United States. kyiv had denied these claims.

Ukraine claims Iranian drones attack its soldiers

The accusations that Russia reiterated on Monday come at a time when Russian forces suffered several setbacks in Ukraine.

In September, Moscow lost thousands of square kilometers in the northeast of the country. And actually faces a counteroffensive from kyiv in the southern region of Kherson.

Pro-Russian officials in this region on Saturday urged civilians to “immediately” leave the regional capital in the face of advancing kyiv forces.

Since Wednesday, evacuations have been carried out towards the left bank of the Dniepr River that borders the city.

On Monday, Ukraine announced the reconquest of 90 towns in that areaone of four Ukrainian territories that Moscow annexed in September.

In recent weeks, Russia has intensified its attacks on Ukraine, especially its electrical installations, after a bridge connecting the Crimean peninsula with the Russian mainland was partially destroyed in an explosion weeks ago.

In kyiv, the bombings were carried out with Iranian-made dronesaccording to Ukraine, being Zelensky, who said on Monday that Russia had ordered “close to 2,000 drones” from Iran to support its bombing campaign in Ukraine.

Leader Ukrainian also criticized the neutrality maintained by Israel from the offensive, which according to him allowed an “alliance” between Moscow and Tehran.

“This alliance would not have existed if their politicians had made a decision then. The decision we asked them for,” Zelensky told a conference organized by the Israeli daily Haaretz.

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