Science

What are the side effects of codeine, a common component of cough medicines

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In the fall and winter season certain seasonal diseases return and intensifies the contagion of other perennials. For this reason, it is common that we have to resort to medications to tackle the symptoms of these infections, such as cough medicines.

Codeine Side Effects

Many of these medicines contain codeine, an opioid (narcotic) pain reliever that also It is used to treat minor pain or moderate. Although it is a safe substance as long as the product’s indications are followed, opiates have a series of possible adverse effects and unique risks that must be taken into account in any case.

For example, as pointed out by the United States National Library of Medicinewhen you are taking codeine, the doctor should be informed if they appear severe symptoms such as headachestomach pain or difficulty urinating or if these signs do not go away.

On the other hand, some symptoms can be serious: agitation, hallucinations (seeing things or hearing voices that are not there), fever, sweating, confusion, rapid heart rate, tremors, spasms, severe muscle stiffness, ataxia, vomiting or diarrhea, lack of appetite, weakness, inability to get or maintain an erection, menstruation irregularity, decreased sex drive, breathing problems, rash, itching, hives, vision changes, or seizures.

abuse potential

Finally, it is important to note that, as it is an opioid medication, codeine It is a substance with potential for abuse. It is addictive and generates tolerance in the patient, and its withdrawal can cause withdrawal symptoms.

In addition, it should be taken into account that the difference between the threshold dose (the minimum for it to take effect) and the risk dose is low, so it is essential not to increase the dose of codeine without following the instructions of the doctor and the medication.. the overdose May cause effects such as shortness of breath, slow breathing, excessive sleepiness or drowsiness, inability to respond or wake up, cold clammy skin, fainting, dizziness, and slow heart rate. Although it is rare, in extreme cases it could cause cardiorespiratory arrest.

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