Science

This is how anxiety manifests itself in the body

Thank you for reading this post, don't forget to subscribe!

About 6.7% of the Spanish population (more than three million people) suffer from anxiety. A fairly high percentage and that only includes those people who have been diagnosed, but which at the same time gives us an idea of ​​how important it is to take care of mental health.

[Desgaste por empatía: qué es y cómo enfrentarlo]

But the reality is that for anxiety to be diagnosed, it is important for the population to know what anxiety really is and how it can manifest itself in the body, as well as possible ways to treat it.

And while occasional anxiety is a normal part of life, this is not the case for people with frequent anxiety disorders who routinely suffer from worry, intense and persistent fears about everyday situations.

Episodes in these repeated cases, of intense anxiety that They can interfere with the person’s well-being and daily activities. and that are usually difficult to control. Regardless of the type of anxiety you suffer from, precisely so that you can identify it and solve it, below we explain how this anxiety can manifest itself in the body.

What is anxiety?

Before getting into the matter and seeing the usual symptoms of those people who suffer from anxiety, it is important first of all to understand what exactly we mean by anxiety.

This is a reaction that occurs in humans and that we all experience at some point. It is a response of our own body when it prepares to face a danger or a threat, it is precisely for this reason that anxiety is a kind of protection mechanism.

But what happens when that protection mechanism is activated without there really being a real stimulus or threat? It is in these cases when we no longer speak of a logical or functional anxiety, but of a pathological anxiety that we are activating excessively and that can cause us feelings of anguish, along with other types of reactions that are detrimental to our mental and physical well-being.

In this case, it is when we can talk about anxiety caused by physiological, cognitive, emotional or behavioral reactions.

how it manifests

One of the ways to recognize whether or not we have anxiety is knowing precisely how it manifests itself in our body. A series of reactions, in this case bodily, which according to the American Psychiatric Association are:

  • increased heartbeat

  • Tremors or tingling

  • Sweat

  • Sensation of shortness of breath and choking

  • Upset stomach

  • Dizziness or unsteadiness

  • Chest or chest pain

  • Shaking chills

Symptoms to which recent research also adds muscle tension, tiredness or headache, among others. But beyond the physical symptoms, it is also important to mention other symptoms that are equally common in an anxiety disorder and that we should not let go unnoticed:

  • excessive worry: In anxiety disorders, a disproportionate worry about the events that are triggering it is usually experienced. For this to be taken into account in a case of anxiety disorder, the worry should be present on most days and be difficult for the person who suffers from it to control.

  • Agitation: With anxiety, part of our sympathetic nervous system is enhanced which triggers a series of effects in the body such as: accelerated pulse, sweaty palms, tremors, dry mouth…

    It is a defense system of the body that is put into operation by that supposed threat in the form of anxiety that it is perceiving and that causes blood to be diverted from the digestive system to the muscles in case we need to run or fight against that threat. This results in a high level of agitation.

  • Feeling tired or fatigued: Fatigue is another common symptom in cases of generalized anxiety and this can be caused by fatigue after an anxiety attack or chronic fatigue. Even so, it is not clear if this tiredness may be associated with insomnia and muscle tension or with the hormonal effects of chronic anxiety.

  • Lack of concentration: Another symptom that is often related to anxiety is difficulty concentrating, especially in the case of children and adolescents. Something that could be related to the fact that, according to some studies, anxiety can interrupt working memory, which is responsible for retaining information in the short term.

  • Difficulty to sleep: Sleep disorders are also related to anxiety disorders, to the point that some studies suggest that suffering from insomnia in childhood may be related to the development of anxiety in adulthood. What is not entirely clear is whether insomnia contributes to anxiety or, conversely, anxiety is responsible for insomnia.

What to do to reduce it?

In addition to going to therapy, it is important that you combine that help from someone expert with a lifestyle and habits that can help you get that anxiety under control.

  • reduce caffeine: Both caffeine and tea are drinks that stimulate the nervous system and can accentuate the symptoms of anxiety. This is one of the main reasons why you should reduce its consumption.

  • healthy diet and exercise: In addition to ensuring good health, eating well and exercising help reduce that feeling of stress and improve our mood thanks to the release of substances such as: dopamine, serotonin or endorphins, among others

  • give yourself time to rest: Staying active is just as important as knowing when it’s time to rest your body and mind or go straight to sleep. Staying rested will help you leave anxiety behind.

  • Meditation: Nowadays, there are different adapted meditation programs. Through them and with the help of breath control or relaxation, you will be able to relax the body at a physical level and the mind, controlling thought. It is a practice that, if carried out consistently, can be very effective in reducing anxiety.

.

Related Articles

Check Also
Close
Back to top button