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Strange quantum properties of black holes confirmed

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MADRID, Nov. 7 (EUROPA PRESS) –

Theoretical physicists at the University of Queensland have confirmed the strange quantum properties of black holes, including their amazing ability to have different masses simultaneously.

A team led by doctoral candidate Joshua Foo performed calculations that reveal surprising quantum phenomena in black holes.

“Black holes are an incredibly unique and fascinating feature of our universe. They are created when gravity compresses a huge amount of incredibly dense matter into tiny space, creating so much gravitational pull that not even light can escape. It’s a phenomenon that can be triggered by a dying star,” explains Foo it’s a statement.

“But, until now, we haven’t really investigated whether black holes exhibit some of the weird and wonderful behaviors of quantum physics. One of those behaviors is superposition, where particles on a quantum scale can exist in multiple states at the same time.

“This is most commonly illustrated by Schrödinger’s cat, which can be alive and dead simultaneously. But, for black holes, we wanted to see if they could have very different masses at the same time, and it turns out they could. Imagine you’re wide and tall.” , as well as short and thin at the same time, is an intuitively confusing situation, since we are stuck in the world of traditional physics. But this is the reality of quantum black holes.”

To reveal this, the team developed a mathematical framework that allows a particle to be “placed” outside a theoretical black hole with superimposed mass.

Mass was specifically looked at as it is a defining characteristic of a black hole and it is plausible that quantum black holes naturally have a superposition of masses.

The research co-director, Dr. Magdalena Zych, said that the research, in fact, reinforces the conjectures raised by the pioneers of quantum physics. “Our work shows that the early theories of Jacob Bekenstein, an American and Israeli theoretical physicist who made fundamental contributions to the foundation of black hole thermodynamics, were correct,” he said.

“He postulated that black holes can only have masses that have certain values, that is, must be within certain bands or proportions; this is how the energy levels of an atom work, for example.

“Our model showed that these overlapping masses were, in fact, in certain bands or certain ratios, as Bekenstein predicted. We did not assume any such pattern, so the fact that we found this evidence was quite surprising.

The universe is revealing to us that it is always more strange, mysterious and fascinating than most of us could have imagined,” he said.

The research has been published in Physical Review Letters.

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