Monkeypox: first possible contagion from human to dog detected, what does the WHO say?

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A dog was diagnosed with monkey pox for the first time since the most recent outbreak of the disease began. This was revealed by a study published in the scientific journal The Lancetwhose researchers are still defining whether their owners were responsible for transmitting the virus.

The study published on August 10 details that this case was presented in Mylan, Francewhen two male patients were detected with monkey pox in skin and oropharyngeal samples. 12 days after the start of the symptomyour dog also showed signs of the condition that will change its name by order of the WHO.

The dog infected with monkeypox presented pustules on the abdomen and a fine anal ulceration | Photo: The Lancet

What symptoms did the dog infected with monkeypox present?

According to research led by Dr. Sophie Seang, it is a male Italian greyhound4 years old and with no medical history, who presented mucocutaneous lesionsincluding pustules on the abdomen and a fine anal ulceration.

The dog’s skin lesions were scratched and anal and oral swabs were taken. Samples of the clade virus were found in both men and their pet. hMPXV-1, lineage B.1.

Did its owners transmit the virus to the animal?

The virus that infected one of the two patients from France and the one that infected the dog showed 100% sequence homology, that is, both samples had the same evolutionary origin, which suggests that it could be a human to animal transmission.

The mens reported that they slept together with their dog and had been careful to prevent the greyhound from coming into contact with other pets or humans since the start of their own symptom; however, 12 days later, the dog began to show skin lesions. It is not yet defined if the owners transmitted the monkey pox.

“To our knowledge, the kinetics of symptom onset in both patients, and subsequently in their dog, suggests human-to-dog transmission of monkeypox. Given the dog’s skin and mucosal lesions, as well as the positive PCR results, we assume a real canine disease, not a simple carrier of the virus through close contact with humans or airborne transmission.”

The Lancet

Can monkeypox affect dogs and pets?

The study of The Lancet states that in endemic countries of the monkey pox It only occurs in primates and rodents. “Infection among domestic animals, such as dogs and cats,” he says, while warning about the need to isolate pets from people who are positive for the virus.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCfor its acronym in English) detail that it is possible that the people infected can transmit the monkey pox to the animals through close contact, including petting, hugging, kissing, licking, sharing sleeping areas, and sharing food.

  • people with monkeypox should avoid contact with animals, including petspets and wildlife to prevent the spread of the virus.

What to do if your pet is infected with the virus?

Although only one case has been reported dog infected by the monkey poxthe United States CDC has already published a series of recommendations if your pet has symptoms:

  1. Do not euthanize or abandon pets solely because of possible exposure or the monkeypox virus.
  2. Do not clean or bathe your pet with chemical disinfectants, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or other products such as hand sanitizer, cleaning wipes, or other surface or industrial cleaners.

It is also recommended that if the person infected has not had contact with his petask a family member or friend who lives in a separate house to care for the animal until the person with whom monkey pox recover completely. After the person recovers, disinfect your home before bringing healthy animals back.

  • The CDC reports that pets who had close contact with a symptomatic person with monkey pox they should stay home and away from other animals and people for 21 days after the most recent contact.

What does the WHO say about the first dog infected with monkeypox?

Dr. Rosamund Lewis, technical leader in the response to the monkey pox for the World Health Organization (WHO), said it is “new information, but not surprising”, assuring that only animal-to-human transmission of the virus was reported, referring to one in the United States in which people became infected with the virus through prairie dogs that they kept as pets.

“This is the first incident that we are learning about where there is transmission of human a animalLewis said during a live event of the newspaper Washington Post on Monday, August 15. “This has not been reported before, and it has not been reported that the dogs have been infected before, “he concluded.