Pension for older adults, Sembrando Vida and pension for people with disabilities will concentrate 97.2 percent of the budget allocated to Branch 20 in the 2023 Federation Expenditure Budget. While another seven will be left without resources, the analysis exposes Branch 20 Well-being, PPEF 2023.
Prepared by the Center for Public Finance Studies, it refers that the most significant program is the Pension for the Welfare of Older Adults, the PPEF (Federation Expenditure Budget Project) 2023 seeks to allocate 335 thousand 499.4 million pesos, higher by 97 thousand 484.7 million compared to the one approved in the current fiscal year 2022, said increase would generate a real growth of 34.3 percent.
The analysis adds that this program aims to improve the living conditions of older adults, given the degree of vulnerability faced by this population. Universal economic support is granted to all persons over 65 years of age, Mexican by birth or naturalization, with current residence in the Mexican Republic. “Most of them are in poverty and without access to a social protection system that guarantees them a dignified and full old age.”
The second program with the most resources is Sembrando Vida, for which the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit requested 37 thousand 136.5 million pesos for the next fiscal year. This figure represents 7 thousand 232.7 million more than what was assigned in 2022, which would mean a real increase of 18.3 percent.
Of this, indicates the CEFP, “it is a program aimed at agricultural subjects to promote their effective participation in comprehensive rural development and that have the purpose of generating jobs, encouraging food self-sufficiency, improving the income of the inhabitants , in addition to recovering the national forest area”.
The analysis adds that the third program in terms of resources is the Pension for the Welfare of Persons with Permanent Disabilities, to which funds will be allocated, according to the Treasury proposal, “for 24 thousand 77.7 million that, if approved, It would be 14.5 percent higher in real terms than last year.”
The CEFP points out that this program “seeks the effective enforcement of the rights of children, youth and indigenous people with disabilities, as well as eliminating the marginalization, discrimination and racism of Mexicans with disabilities.”
It adds that “of the 13 programs with proposed resources, it is noted that five of them would register fewer resources than the previous year and that eight would have more resources than they had in the current year. Of the additional resources proposed by the Executive, 108 thousand 971.7 million pesos, a significant amount (89.5 percent) was suggested for the Pension for the Welfare of Older Adults program, and just over 10 percent for the seven programs would have a greater availability of resources.
From Branch 20, it also observes that there are seven social programs in which the Executive did not consider allocation of resources: “only the Life Insurance program for Heads of Families had resources approved in the current fiscal year, the rest did not have allocations in the PEF either 2022, and it was not anticipated in the Programmatic Structure document to use the 2023 Expenditure Budget Project, its cancellations or the possible merger with some other program. Those seven programs with no budget allocated for 2023 are:
- K014 “Other Social Infrastructure Projects”
- S017 “Program to Promote the Social Economy”
- S070 “Social Co-Investment Program”
- S241 “Life insurance for heads of households”
- S285 “Microcredit programs for well-being”
- U008 “Subsidies for Youth Programs”
- W001 “External operations”
The CEFP analysis indicates that in fiscal year 2022, the three programs with the most resources, together, were allocated 96.2 percent of the budget for Branch 20, while in the Executive’s proposal for 2023 it is planned to allocate 97.2 percent percent of the resources suggested for said Branch, “which shows its representativeness in the set of budgetary programs, conforming as fundamental axes of the Social Development policy of the Present Administration. The rest of the programs, if the SHCP proposal is approved, would have the remaining 2.8 percent.”
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