Science

50 minutes of exercise per week can help reduce mortality rates by more than 30% in people who have been physically inactive for decades.

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On numerous previous occasions, and speaking of various ailments and deteriorated health states, both physical and mental, we have expressed the enormous value of regular physical exercise routines.

In the context of this very important subject, and to enrich with data something that we know empirically, today we share the main conclusions of a research protocol published on October 31 of this year in the journal British Journal of General Practicewith the title “Any increase in physical activity reduces mortality risk of physically inactive patients: prospective cohort study in primary care”.

The protocol was conducted by members of the Bizkaia Primary Care Research Unit of the Basque Health Service in Spain, and had as a universe of study 3,357 inactive patients belonging to 11 primary care centers in that country, during a period of 15 years, which yielded interesting and encouraging data for those who do not have the habit of exercising.

  • Mortality rates for those who met the minimum recommendations of 150 minutes a week of moderate activity, or 75 minutes of vigorous activity, are approximately 50% lower than those of sedentary people.
  • Around 20% of the deaths that occurred in the study group could have been avoided if all the members of the study group had performed the recommended exercise routines.

Additionally, and this is what we previously called a “hopeful finding”, is that those who have been physically inactive for four decades can also benefit, if they commit and comply with the performance of at least 50 minutes of moderate exercise per week, which will potentially reduce mortality rates just over 30%.

In this regard, Gonzalo Grandes, head of the Bizkaia Primary Care Research Unit and leader of the work, declared: “This study represents the type of patients that a primary care physician encounters on a day-to-day basis. One of the doubts that health professionals have when they see people who have been inactive for decades, are in very poor physical shape, are obese, and are often exposed to chronic diseases such as diabetes or osteoarthritis, is whether it is worth suggesting a physical activity plan. and find a way to motivate them. The results of the study show that even for these professionals who are very time constrained and need to prioritize, and for these patients, who may have little faith in their ability to change, results begin to be seen with very little effort.”

The authors believe that this is one of the first studies to explicitly assess the effect of increased physical activity on a representative sample of primary care patients who are inactive, and that the concussions achieved should ideally serve career planners. social policies, for the design and establishment of programs that encourage people to exercise.

So we still have hope… to exercise to live longer and with better quality.

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